The book “The Socio-Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability: The Indian Perspective” presents a multi-dimensional facet of Socio-Economic Development and Environmental Sustainability in India. The book consists of three parts under which a total number of 25 research articles are there. The unscientific exploitation of natural resource and rapid urbanization results into the unwanted overshoot which ultimately making our earth vulnerable to natural disasters and calamities. The book has also explored the demographic trends and urbanization in Indian Context. It has also emphasized on the various dimensions of socio-economic development and its regional disparity in a planned way. The present volume is associated with such problems and accounted for the suitable measures to unlock a new direction towards balanced Economic growth and Environmental Sustainability.