The rationale of this book, ‘Neolithic Culture of Kashmir-An Introduction, is that the attitude and interest of research about the prehistory of Kashmir among the regional institutions, students and scholars is less. The national and international surveys and studies have also come to halt because of the political issues in the region. Moreover, one of the most important reasons of working on this topic is the deteriorating condition of the sites, which need the attention and care from the concerned departments. The literature available regarding prehistory in general and Neolithic culture of Kashmir in particular is very scarce and for most of the sites is nil, as one can see the passing references or just names of the sites mentioned in the Indian Archaeology-A Review volumes, without any description. So the important purpose of this study is to highlight the deteriorating condition of the explored Neolithic sites of Kashmir in general and South Kashmir region in particular.